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Future Artificial Intelligence Research

The Future Artificial Intelligence Research (FAIR) project aims to help address the research questions, methodologies, models, technologies, and even ethical and legal rules for building Artificial Intelligence systems capable of interacting and collaborating with humans, perceiving and acting within changing contexts, being aware of their limitations and able to adapt to new situations, being aware of the perimeters of safety and trust, and being mindful of the environmental and social impacts their implementation and execution may entail. Research activities are carried out within 10 spokes that will involve 350 + researchers. Each spoke is characterized by a specific thematic area and its own set of research challenges with the aim of addressing FAIR challenges from different vantage points. The spokes are: Human-centred AI, Integrative AI, Resilient AI, Adaptive AI, High-quality AI, Symbiotic AI, Edge-exascale AI, Pervasive AI, Green-aware AI, Sustainable Bio-socio-cognitive AI.


While these 10 themes will be the topics of 10 large spoke-projects, a number of fundamental scientific and technological challenges will be tackled with coordinated interspoke actions, called transversal projects - TP, where each involved spoke will contribute from its own specific perspective:

  • (TP1) Legal and Ethical Design of Trustworthy AI Systems: how to create responsible, trustworthy AI “bydesign”, “in-design” and “for designers”;
  • (TP2) Vision, Language and Multimodal Challenges: how to create AI agents capable of perception in real, complex environments with multiple combined modalities (text, speech, images, video, …);
  • (TP3) Learning and Reasoning from Individual to Communities to Society: how to create AI agents that integrate learning and reasoning to assist decision making at multiple scales (individual, societal);
  • (TP4) Adjustable Autonomy and Physical Embodied Intelligence: how to create autonomous AI systems capable to understand the limits of their autonomy, asking for human supervision when appropriate;
  • (TP5, TP6) Frontiers of Machine Learning: how to gear the methods of mathematics and physics to understand why and when machine learning works, and how to expand the frontiers of “lifelong”, continual, incremental learning and meta learning (learning to learn);
  • (TP7) Data Centric AI and Infrastructures: how to manage, prepare and curate large, highquality data for AI development.

Spokes act as catalysts for both the development of innovative AI technologies and new AI services in strategic sectors for the country system, involving the industrial sector, both at the level of large companies and innovative small and medium-sized enterprises.

AImageLab is involved in the Spoke 8 of the FAIR project working actively on a subproject relying PERVASIVE-AI. In addition, AImageLab is actively engaged on the trasversal project on VISION, LANGUAGE and MULTIMODAL Challenges.

The notion of Pervasive AI is not only about intelligent objects, but refers to the possibility of introducing intelligent models and algorithms into the (socio-technical) contexts in which we live: from work to cities, from policy decisions to public services, from business processes to the production of artifacts in industry and the arts. The notion of pervasiveness implies that we need to model, predict, and decide on large-scale and complex socio-technical systems in which each component is itself intelligent, possibly self-interested, and we need to take into account artificial infrastructures, natural phenomena, economic aspects, environmental impacts, social dynamics, and human behavior. To make AI pervasive we need to holistically address challenges related to robustness and accuracy of models, efficiency of implementations, cultural acceptability, and sustainability of AI: thus algorithmic and modeling, scientific and technological, educational, legal, socio-economic, ethical, and cultural challenges emerge in this context.

In conclusion, the FAIR approach follows a holistic, multidisciplinary approach, aimed at a profound rethinking of the foundations of AI, that goes hand in hand with investigating the social impact of the new forms of AI. Depending on the course that the AI revolution takes, AI will either empower our ability to make more informed choices or reduce human agency; expand the human experience or replace it; create new forms of human activity or reduce jobs; help distribute well-being for many or increase the concentration of power and wealth in the hands of a few; expand or endanger democracy in our societies; help to fight the climate change or increase emissions.

Project Info



01/01/2023 - 31/12/2025

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Funded by:

MUR - Italian Ministry of University and Research