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Deep-Learning and HPC to Boost Biomedical Applications for Health

The main objective of the DeepHealth project is the development of both a European Deep Learning Library and a European Computer Vision Library for the healthcare domain. These new data-driven AI libraries will make intensive use of hybrid HPC + Big Data architectures to process data by parallelising algorithms.

DeepHealth visual summary

Health scientific discovery and innovation are expected to quickly move forward under the so called “fourth paradigm of science”, which relies on unifying the traditionally separated and heterogeneous high-performance computing and big data analytics environments. 
Under this paradigm, the DeepHealth project will provide HPC computing power at the service of biomedical applications; and apply Deep Learning (DL) techniques on large and complex biomedical datasets to support new and more efficient ways of diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of diseases. 
DeepHealth will develop a flexible and scalable framework for the HPC + Big Data environment, based on two new libraries: the European Distributed Deep Learning Library (EDDLL) and the European Computer Vision Library (ECVL). The framework will be validated in 14 use cases which will allow to train models and provide training data from different medical areas (migraine, dementia, depression, etc.). The resulting trained models, and the libraries, will be integrated and validated in 7 existing biomedical software platforms, which include: a) commercial platforms (e.g. PHILIPS Clinical Decision Support System from or THALES SIX PIAF; and b) research oriented platforms (e.g. CEA`s ExpressIF™ or CRS4`s Digital Pathology). Impact is measured by tracking the time-to-model-in-production (ttmip).
Through this approach, DeepHealth will also standardise HPC resources to the needs of DL applications, and underpin the compatibility and uniformity on the set of tools used by medical staff and expert users. The final DeepHealth solution will be compatible with HPC infrastructures ranging from the ones in supercomputing centers to the ones in hospitals.
DeepHealth involves 21 partners from 9 European Countries, gathering a multidisciplinary group from research organisations (9), health organisations (4) as well as (4) large and (4) SME industrial partners, with strong commitment towards innovation, exploitation and sustainability.


1 Allegretti, Stefano; Bolelli, Federico; Pollastri, Federico; Longhitano, Sabrina; Pellacani, Giovanni; Grana, Costantino "Supporting Skin Lesion Diagnosis with Content-Based Image Retrieval" 2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Milan, Italy, pp. 8053 -8060 , Jan 10-15, 2021 | DOI: 10.1109/ICPR48806.2021.9412419 Conference
2 Pollastri, Federico; Maroñas, Juan; Bolelli, Federico; Ligabue, Giulia; Paredes, Roberto; Magistroni, Riccardo; Grana, Costantino "Confidence Calibration for Deep Renal Biopsy Immunofluorescence Image Classification" 2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Milan, Italy, pp. 1298 -1305 , Jan 10-15, 2021 | DOI: 10.1109/ICPR48806.2021.9412685 Conference
3 Cancilla, Michele; Canalini, Laura; Bolelli, Federico; Allegretti, Stefano; Carrión, Salvador; Paredes Palacios, Roberto; Ander Gómez, Jon; Leo, Simone; Enrico Piras, Marco; Pireddu, Luca; Badouh, Asaf; Marco-Sola, Santiago; Alvarez, Lluc; Moreto, Miquel; Grana, Costantino "The DeepHealth Toolkit: A Unified Framework to Boost Biomedical Applications" 2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Milan, Italy, pp. 9881 -9888 , Jan 10-15, 2021 | DOI: 10.1109/ICPR48806.2021.9411954 Conference
4 Pollastri, Federico; Parreño, Mario; Maroñas, Juan; Bolelli, Federico; Paredes, Roberto; Ramos, Daniel; Grana, Costantino "A Deep Analysis on High Resolution Dermoscopic Image Classification" IET COMPUTER VISION, vol. 15, pp. 514 -526 , 2021 | DOI: 10.1049/cvi2.12048 Journal
5 Mercadante, Cristian; Cipriano, Marco; Bolelli, Federico; Pollastri, Federico; Di Bartolomeo, Mattia; Anesi, Alexandre; Grana, Costantino "A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Annotation Tool for Automatic Detection of the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Canal" Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications - Volume 4: VISAPP, vol. 4, Vienna, Austria, pp. 724 -731 , Feb 8-10, 2021 | DOI: 10.5220/0010392307240731 Conference
6 Aldinucci, Marco; Atienza, David; Bolelli, Federico; Caballero, Mónica; Colonnelli, Iacopo; Flich, José; Gómez, Jon A.; González, David; Grana, Costantino; Grangetto, Marco; Leo, Simone; López, Pedro; Oniga, Dana; Paredes, Roberto; Pireddu, Luca; Quiñones, Eduardo; Silva, Tatiana; Tartaglione, Enzo; Zapater, Marina "The DeepHealth Toolkit: A Key European Free and Open-Source Software for Deep Learning and Computer Vision Ready to Exploit Heterogeneous HPC and Cloud Architectures" Technologies and Applications for Big Data Value, pp. 183 -202 , 2021 | DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-78307-5 Chapter in Book
7 Pollastri, Federico; Bolelli, Federico; Paredes Palacios, Roberto; Grana, Costantino "Augmenting data with GANs to segment melanoma skin lesions" MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS, vol. 79, pp. 15575 -15592 , 2020 | DOI: 10.1007/s11042-019-7717-y Journal
8 Ligabue, Giulia; Pollastri, Federico; Fontana, Francesco; Leonelli, Marco; Furci, Luciana; Giovanella, Silvia; Alfano, Gaetano; Cappelli, Gianni; Testa, Francesca; Bolelli, Federico; Grana, Costantino; Magistroni, Riccardo "Evaluation of the Classification Accuracy of the Kidney Biopsy Direct Immunofluorescence through Convolutional Neural Networks" CLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY, vol. 15, pp. 1445 -1454 , 2020 | DOI: 10.2215/CJN.03210320 Journal

Project Info

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01/01/2019 - 31/12/2021

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Funded by:

European Union

Project type:

Horizon 2020