Image Analysis and Rule-Based Reasoning for a Traffic Monitoring
Abstract: The paper presents an approach for detecting vehicles in urban traffic scenes by means of rule-based reasoning on visual data. The strength of the approach is its formal separation between the low-level image processing modules (used for extracting visual data under various illumination conditions) and the high-level module, which provides a general-purpose knowledge-based framework for tracking vehicles in the scene. The image-processing modules extract visual data from the scene by spatio-temporal analysis during daytime, and by morphological analysis of headlights at night, The high-level module is designed as a forward chaining production rule system, working on symbolic data, i.e., vehicles and their attributes (area, pattern, direction, and others) and exploiting a set of heuristic rules tuned to urban traffic conditions, The synergy between the artificial intelligence techniques of the high-level and the low-level image analysis techniques provides the system with flexibility and robustness.
Citation:Cucchiara, Rita; M., Piccardi; P., Mello "Image Analysis and Rule-Based Reasoning for a Traffic Monitoring" IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, vol. 1, pp. 119 -130 , 2000 DOI: 10.1109/6979.880969