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Beyond Bag of Words for Concept Detection and Search of Cultural Heritage Archives

Abstract: Several local features have become quite popular for concept detection and search, due to their ability to capture distinctive details. Typically a Bag of Words approach is followed, where a codebook is built by quantizing the local features. In this paper, we propose to represent SIFT local features extracted from an image as a multivariate Gaussian distribution, obtaining a mean vector and a covariance matrix. Differently from common techniques based on the Bag of Words model, our solution does not rely on the construction of a visual vocabulary, thus removing the dependence of the image descriptors on the specific dataset and allowing to immediately retargeting the features to different classification and search problems. Experimental results are conducted on two very different Cultural Heritage image archives, composed of illuminated manuscript miniatures, and architectural elements pictures collected from the web, on which the proposed approach outperforms the Bag of Words technique both in classification and retrieval.


Grana, Costantino; Serra, Giuseppe; Manfredi, Marco; Cucchiara, Rita "Beyond Bag of Words for Concept Detection and Search of Cultural Heritage Archives" SISAP 2013, vol. LNCS 8199, A Coruña, Spain, pp. 233 -244 , Oct 2-4, 2013 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-41062-8_24

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