Multi-stage Sampling with Boosting Cascades for Pedestrian Detection in Images and Videos
Abstract: Many works address the problem of object detection by means of machine learning with boosted classifiers. They exploit sliding window search, spanning the whole image: the patches, at all possible positions and sizes, are sent to the classifier. Several methods have been proposed to speed up the search (adding complementary features or using specialized hardware). In this paper we propose a statisticalbased search approach for object detection which uses a Monte Carlo sampling approach for estimating the likelihood density function with Gaussian kernels. The estimation relies on a multi-stage strategy where the proposal distribution is progressively refined by taking into account the feedback of the classifier (i.e. its response). For videos, this approach is plugged in a Bayesian-recursive framework which exploits the temporal coherency of the pedestrians. Several tests on both still images and videos on common datasets are provided in order to demonstrate therelevant speedup and the increased localization accuracy with respect to sliding window strategy using a pedestrian classifier based on covariance descriptors and a cascade of Logitboost classifiers.
Citation:Gualdi, Giovanni; Prati, Andrea; Cucchiara, Rita "Multi-stage Sampling with Boosting Cascades for Pedestrian Detection in Images and Videos" Lectures Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6316, Heraklion, Crete (Greece), pp. 196 -209 , 5-11 September 2010, 2010